Kolanupaka is located on the Hyderabad-Warangal road, 80 kilometer from Hyderabad and in neighbouring Nalgonda district. The nearest railway station is Alair. Kolanupaka was the second capital of Kalyani Chalukyas during 11th century. It is a major pilgrim centre of Shaivism and Jainism.Kolanupaka is popular for a number of temples and shrines, prominent among them being one of the oldest Jain temples, over 2000 years old with a 5-ft jade idol of Mahavira. The Sri Veeranarayana Temple and the Someswara Temple are other important temples. State Archaeological Department of Kolanupaka has set up a museum in the Someswara Temple complex with exhibits mainly relating to temple architecture.